Does Your Cat or Kitten Pee Outside the Litter Box?

4 Tips to Reduce Peeing Outside the Litter Box

  1. Use FELIWAY® to help reduce spraying and territorial marking

    • FELIWAY® is the #1 Vet recommended brand to reduce signs of stress in cats, like spraying and marking
    • Effective to reduce spraying in 9/10 cats
    • Drug free, easy and safe calming solution for your cat
    • Results can be seen within the first 7 days
    • 100% satisfaction guarantee
    • Buy now to reduce incidents of spraying and marking in the home
  2. Clean all areas where your cat has peed

    • Use a recommended urine stain and odor remover
    • Do not use bleach, it may cause the cat to return to the spot
    • Read article for details on how to clean cat pee
  3. Follow litter box "golden rules"

    • One litter box per cat, plus one (ex: if you have 2 cats, you should have 3 litter boxes)
    • Place each litter box in different areas of the home
    • Keep clean by scooping at least once daily
    • Change litter box at least every 3 weeks
    • Don't place food or water bowls near the box
  4. Consult your veterinarian

    • In some cases, medical conditions can cause cats or kittens to pee outside of the litterbox
    • Check with your vet if signs continue

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Why do cats pee outside the litter box?

All cats, male or female, neutered or not, will mark out their territory with urine spraying. Normally this is rare and discrete. But when this natural behavior happens in your house, it can be very frustrating. When this happens, it is due to fear and anxiety.

It can be a reaction to:

Recent changes at home:

  • New home, new furniture,
  • New cat or kitten, new dog
  • New family member, baby, …

Conflict with other cats:

  • Competition for access to litter box.

It can also be caused by a medical issue. If your cat starts peeing outside the litter box, please consult your veterinarian. Especially older cats, who are at risk of more medical issues.

Using FELIWAY® Optimum can help stop urine spraying indoors. It will help your cat feel calm and comfortable and may help reduce urine.

Using FELIWAY Optimum Diffuser continuously may help stop and prevent spraying, especially if your cat seems emotional and sensitive to any change at home.


It can be difficult to get rid of a cat urine smell. If your cat has recently targeted your sofa, bed or furniture with urine spraying, the situation can quickly become unpleasant. To stop the smell from persisting, and to avoid your cat spraying in the same places, start by removing anything that attracts them.

This can be done by carefully cleaning up urine traces, to remove odor and visual marks.

To prevent the situation from continuing read our article on how to get rid of a cat spraying smell with 6 different tips.


There are many things that can cause a cat to choose to pee all over your home, rather than in the litterbox.

In fact there are two types of cat soiling issues:

1. Cat spraying on walls, doors and furniture (vertical spraying) - learn more from this blog

2. Cat peeing outside the litter box, on floors, beds, clothes (horizontal peeing)


When your cat, that normally uses a litter box starts to use the bathroom elsewhere it's not pleasant for us and it is usually not pleasant for them either.

It is important to rule out any health problems first. Next, you need to be able to differentiate between urine marking, which is symbolized by small spurts of urine all over the house, and other reasons for not using the litter box, such as a poorly maintained litter box, one that is too small, or one that has a litter substrate that your cat does not like. The litter box may also be in a position that is not ideal for your cat.

Your cat may find an alternative place that they feel conformable to pee in, such as your bed, or may be indicating that they are not coping with a stressful situation. Read our article A cat's point of view: Why I pee on my human's bed to find out why your cat may urinate in other places than the litter box.